The basics of ultrasonic handheld spot welding technology

spot welding machine

Ultrasonic handheld spot welding joins two thermoplastic parts at localized points without a preformed hole or energy director. It produces a solid structural weld and is especially suitable for large parts or parts with complicated geometry or hard-to-reach joining surfaces.  The horn has a pilot tip in spot welding, which melts through the top part and into the bottom portion to a predetermined depth when ultrasonic vibrations are applied. When vibrations cease, the melt from both parts flows together, forming a weld with the top side having a raised ring produced by the welding tip. The bottom layer of a spot welding joint has a smooth appearance. Spot welding can be performed with hand-held guns, single- or double-headed bench welders.

Common problems of traditional welding

  • High-temperature welding is easy to cause damage to the welding surface and even deform the product in severe cases.
  • The welding equipment is large, not easy to handle by hand, and unable to complete complex procedures.
  • The welding mode is too single, the welding material is restricted, and the welding head cannot be replaced at will.
  • Adhesives and fluxes are used for welding, the welding pollution is severe, and the welding strength is not high.
  • Adhesives, studs, or other mechanical fixation are used when welding, which is inefficient and costly.

The technology of ultrasonic spot welding

When ultrasonic waves act on the surface of thermoplastic plastics, high-frequency vibrations of tens of thousands of times per second are generated. The ultrasonic energy is transmitted to the welding area through the weldment, and local high temperatures will be generated. Due to the poor thermal conductivity of plastics, heat is concentrated in the welding area, causing the surface of the plastic to melt rapidly. After a certain pressure is applied, it is integrated.
A hand-held ultrasonic spot welding machine can be used for welding, riveting, spot welding of films, fabrics, thermoplastic products, and inlay and edge pressing processes between metal parts and plastic parts.

Advantages of ultrasonic spot welding

  • High stability: The digital electric box automatically tracks the resonant frequency and adjusts the output frequency to match the handheld device. Once a fault is found, it stops working and gives an alarm. Most of the ultrasonic welding can be completed within 0.1-0.5 seconds.
  • Energy-saving and environmental protection: The welding surface is not damaged or deformed, without scratches and adhesive residues, avoiding using a large number of fixtures, fluxes, and adhesives, reducing labor and reducing costs.
  • Reliable quality: Ultrasonic welding is solidified and formed, and the molecules are recombined to form a solid molecular chain. The strength of the weld can be close to the strength of the raw material.
  • Simple operation: Ultrasonic welding is very easy to realize automation. As long as the welding parameters are set, the welding can be carried out without preheating or cleaning.
  • Wide range of applications: Hand-held ultrasonic spot welding machines can be used for welding, riveting, spot welding of films, fabrics, and thermoplastic products, as well as inlay and edge pressing processes between metal and plastic parts.

How does HCSONIC ultrasonic spot welding works?

How do I start?

If you're looking for this type of application for your current or new projects, you can head over to our project request to submit your designs. Our team of skilled mechanical engineers will assess your project and let you know if this technology is right for your project!

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*